Ukrainian forces don’t make rapid gains in recent days, retaking large areas from Russia.
Russia say e dey regroup – and im forces still hold about one fifth of di kontri.
How di conflict don change?
Russia invades Ukraine on 24 February, surrounding the Ukrainian capital Kyiv. And also launch attacks for di south, east and north of di kontri.
For early April, Ukrainian forces retake large areas around Kyiv, after Russia bin abandon im push towards capital.
Russia since don dey focus im military operations for di south, east and north-east of Ukraine, seizing large areas.
However, things change dramatically at the beginning of September.
For one decisive offensive for the north-east, Ukraine drives back Russian forces. And claims say dem don regain 3,000 square kilometers (1,158 sq miles) of territory around di city of Kharkiv alone.
In total, Ukraine say e don retake more than 8,000 sq km (3,088 sq miles) from Russian control in September – im most significant territorial gains since di war start
Di cities of Izyum and Kupiansk, wey Ukraine says were retaken on 10 September, were both key supply hubs for the Russian forces. As such, these represent important strategic gains.
Also, one Ukrainian counter-attack dey around di Kherson region for di south of di kontri.
The Institute for the Study of War (ISW) says Ukrainian troops don’t inflict a “major operational defeat” on Russian forces.
Justin Bronk of di Royal United Services Institute tok say Russian positions for Kharkiv bin suffer “total collapse”.
Di Russian withdrawal be, and say, “certainly di most dramatic reverse wey we don see from di Russians since dm retreat from Kyiv in April”.
How Russia responds?
Russia confim say im forces retreat from Izyum and Kupiansk. And say dis na strategic withdrawal to “regroup”.
And also say and go continue to target these areas with military strikes.
And be like sy di Russian army don abandon large quantities of equipment and ammunition during di withdrawal.
How much territory does Russia still occupy?
Russia still holds about 20% of Ukraine, according to ISW.
Di areas largely dey di eastern Donbas region and in di south of mainland Ukraine, as well as Crimea peninsula wey Russia annexed in 2014
Di Donbas na mainly Russian-speaking area, and after Russia seized Crimea in 2014, pro-Russian forces capture more than one third of di region. And create two so-called pipo republics day.
Areas in di west of di kontri, wey include Lviv, don experience missile attacks, but no attempt by Russian forces to take and occupy ground.
Wetin Russia wan?
Russia refuses to recognize my invasion as war, and says they will undertake a “special military operation” for Ukraine.
Di Kremlin say im operations go continue until dem achieve “all di tasks originally set”.
When dem launch di invasion in February, President Vladimir Putin said im goal na to “demilitarise Ukraine”.
One objective is to ensure Ukraine does not join the Western defensive alliance, Nato.
Russia initial aim na to overrun Ukraine and depose im government.
However, and now appear like say Russia don’t limit my ambitions to secure land in Ukraine east and south.
Wetin Ukraine want?
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky don tok say im main goal na to drive all Russian troops out, to “de-occupy our whole territory”.
Oga Zelensky don appeal for more funding and equipment to retain areas retaken from Russia.
Ukrainian forces dey use Western shipments of weaponry heavily.
How many pipo don die?
Both sides don’t suffer losses, although neither publish exact numbers.
Ukraine claims they don’t kill more than 50,000 Russian troops, and at the end of August they say they don’t lose nearly 9,000 military personnel since the start of the conflict.
Russia does not really disclose their own troop fatalities. Im most recent death count na from March, when e say 1,351 Russian soldiers don die since di invasion began.
In July, US officials estimate that 15,000 Russian soldiers died.
Civilians don also die. At the beginning of September, the United Nations confirmed more than 5,700 deaths.
However, e say di actual number dey likely to be considerably higher.